Monday, March 16, 2020

Free Essays on Cigarette Advertising

Alcohol and Tobacco Advertising: Pros and Cons Alcohol and Tobacco advertisments are widely known to have more cons than pros. However, the companies behind these products have the consitutional right to show consumers what they have to offer. With issues like underage use and suggestive advertising, more alcohol and tobacco advertisments are being banned from different media. I will discuss these issues in the following research paper including information from different countries and opposite stand points. Since tobacco and alcohol use can lead to disease and death and since you need to be a certain age to consume the products, advertising for alcohol and tobacco have always been frowned apon. If it is not accusations of targeting minors or concealing important health risks, it is whether or not the advertising induces addiction or abuse. In 1989, the US Surgeon General reported that "the collective empirical, experiential and logical evidence makes it more likely than not that avertising and promotional activities do stimulate cigarette consumption." The Surgeon General suggests seven ways how the tobacco companies use advertising to encourage smoking. 1) Encourages children and young adults to expriement tobacco and eventually become addicted. 2) Encourage consumers to increase usage. 3) Reduces consumers want to quit. 4) By encouraging ex-smokers to start again. 5) By discouraging full and open discussion of the hazards of smoking as a result of media dependence on advertising revenues. 6) By silencing the opposition to controls on tobacco as a result of the need of organizations recieveing sponsership from said company. 7) By creating an environment in which tobacco is seen as acceptable and the health warnings are not a concern.1 Concerning alcohol advertisements, The Federal Trade Commission (1985) found "no reliable basis to conclude that alcohol advertising significantly affects consumption, let a... Free Essays on Cigarette Advertising Free Essays on Cigarette Advertising Alcohol and Tobacco Advertising: Pros and Cons Alcohol and Tobacco advertisments are widely known to have more cons than pros. However, the companies behind these products have the consitutional right to show consumers what they have to offer. With issues like underage use and suggestive advertising, more alcohol and tobacco advertisments are being banned from different media. I will discuss these issues in the following research paper including information from different countries and opposite stand points. Since tobacco and alcohol use can lead to disease and death and since you need to be a certain age to consume the products, advertising for alcohol and tobacco have always been frowned apon. If it is not accusations of targeting minors or concealing important health risks, it is whether or not the advertising induces addiction or abuse. In 1989, the US Surgeon General reported that "the collective empirical, experiential and logical evidence makes it more likely than not that avertising and promotional activities do stimulate cigarette consumption." The Surgeon General suggests seven ways how the tobacco companies use advertising to encourage smoking. 1) Encourages children and young adults to expriement tobacco and eventually become addicted. 2) Encourage consumers to increase usage. 3) Reduces consumers want to quit. 4) By encouraging ex-smokers to start again. 5) By discouraging full and open discussion of the hazards of smoking as a result of media dependence on advertising revenues. 6) By silencing the opposition to controls on tobacco as a result of the need of organizations recieveing sponsership from said company. 7) By creating an environment in which tobacco is seen as acceptable and the health warnings are not a concern.1 Concerning alcohol advertisements, The Federal Trade Commission (1985) found "no reliable basis to conclude that alcohol advertising significantly affects consumption, let a...

Saturday, February 29, 2020

Nursing Research Portfolio Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words

Nursing Research Portfolio - Assignment Example Indeed, although I had difficulties earlier in the interview and field observation, the hardship I experienced during the creation of the codebook was more difficult because it was much longer. I had to read the transcript over and over again in order to get a â€Å"feel† of the thoughts in the interview, and then I had to read them again in the coding of the transcript, and then again in the creation of the codebook. Looking at the steps, they can be almost considered as easy; however, what made them rather difficult was the fact that I grew tired of my transcript, to the point that I almost could not get new ideas in the succeeding times that I read it. Nevertheless, when I allowed myself some rest and then revisited the paper a few days after, I was able to appreciate the paper better. Somehow, the patterns and the recurrent concepts became more apparent and coding became a little easier. In addition, there were also some methodological/analytical insights that I realized f rom the coding process. One of these realizations is the fact that all the qualitative data are related to each other, although seemingly unconnected. Indeed, a response to one question could actually a supporting idea for another response in a later question. Another realization involves the fact that the researcher affects the way by which the coding is carried out, not only in the selection of methodology but in the actual choice of concepts itself. From my experience in the coding of my interview transcript, I observed that the interpretive process is shaped by my own spiritual beliefs and orientation. An example of this would be my inclusion of the principal characters involved in the maintenance/observation of religion and spirituality. Some people may have overlooked this aspect of the transcript, but because I believed that religion and spirituality involves a collective effort, I included the said principal players. Furthermore, when I compared my codebook with those of my group mates, I observed some significant differences. For example, my group mates included the characteristics of a spiritual person, as well as the different perceptions of spirituality, but these were not included in my code book. Also, my group mates did not include the principal characters involved in the maintenance/observation of religion and spirituality. I also noticed that the transcripts of my group mates did not really explore the role played or the influence of the workplace in the maintenance of religion and spirituality, which was, ironically, supposed to be the main topic of the coding exercise. Perhaps, the most basic explanation for these differences lies in the fact that I am different and unique from my group mates, and that although we share the same religion, we may not have the same spirituality. Week 6: Reflections on the Thematic Analysis If I thought that the creation of the codebook was difficult, then I guess I was greatly mistaken because it would seem th at the thematic analysis was much more difficult. I had two options in making the thematic analysis: I could either present the themes with written summaries and data excerpts illustrating the themes or I could choose to present my thematic analysis with the use of a concept map and a narrative describing the said map.

Wednesday, February 12, 2020

Description and definition Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words

Description and definition - Assignment Example Harte, "In Our Own Hands: A Strategy for Conserving Biological Diversity in California," 1990). c. Watershed Management is a â€Å"process of managing human activities in an area defined by watershed boundaries in order to protect and rehabilitate land and water, and associated aquatic and terrestrial resources, while recognizing the benefits of orderly growth and development† (Watershed Planning Implementation PMC, 1997). A new and exciting hobby that entails hiding and seeking treasures is geocaching. The equipment needed to indulge in this hobby is a GPS devise or a Global Positioning System which is a â€Å"a radio navigation system that allows land, sea, and airborne users to determine their exact location, velocity, and time 24 hours a day, in all weather conditions, anywhere in the world† (GPS Resources, n.d.). The objective of this hobby is to locate hidden containers, called geocaches, located outdoors through the GPS devise and to share one’s experiences online, through the worldwide

Saturday, February 1, 2020

Objective responsibility Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words

Objective responsibility - Essay Example Moreover, a public administrator should be in a position to make decisions based upon their ethical reflection and analysis of a case. When making such decisions, public administrators need to consider whether to pass their objective responsibility or not. According to Cooper (2010, 72), the objective responsibilities of public administrators are defined by both accountability and imposed obligation, which are "responsibility to someone else for something. Basically these responsibilities externally create a palpable source of obligation, creating some of responsibility. Sources of objective responsibility are characterized by factors such as superiors and subordinates, elected officials, and citizens. The multi-faceted principal responsibility of public administration in a big way complicates a public administrators role as an agent (Cooper 2010, 72). It is however important to note that the balance of objective responsibility is the element role of public administrators. How effectively these administrators apply the balance of objective responsibility to their decision-making processes defines their fundamental preparedness to make ethical decisions. Conflict of interest, Cooper, pages 112 - 121: cooper points out that a conflict of interest occurs when an individual or organization becomes engaged in multiple interests. One of these interests has the probably of corrupting the motivation of an act in another interest. Since the content of a conflict of interest is different from the fulfilment of impropriety, a conflict of interest can be found and voluntarily defused before the happening of a problem. Cooper (2010, 113) notes that, "Conflicts of interest involve collisions between these various kinds of influences and the interests of the public we serve". He states further that the fiduciary role is endangered when people lose trust in professional

Thursday, January 23, 2020

Carnivorous Plants Essay -- essays research papers

Carnivorous Plants In a world where plants are at the bottom of the food-chain, some individual plant species have evolved ways to reverse the order we expect to find in nature. These insectivorous plants, as they are sometimes called, are the predators , rather than the passive prey. Adaptions such as odiferous lures and trapping mechanisms have made it possible for these photosynthesizers to capture, chemically break-down and digest insect prey (and in some cases even small animals.) There is no reason to fear them though. The majority are herbaceous perennials, usually only 4 to 6 inches high, and nothing like the plant in "Little Shop of Horrors". Almost all carnivorous plants have a basically similar ecology and several different species are often found growing almost side by side. They are most likely to be found in swamps, bogs, damp heaths and muddy or sandy shores. Drosophyllum lusitanicum from Portugal and Morocco is the one exception, it grows on dry gravelly hills. Like other green plants, carnivorous plants contain the organic pigment chlorophyll. This pigment helps to mediate a chemical process called photosynthesis. This converts light energy into the chemical bond energy of carbohydrate which is utilized as cellular energy, plant growth and development. Water, carbon dioxide, nutrients and minerals are also needed for survival. In wetlands, where stagnate water contains acidic compounds and chemicals from decaying organic matter many plants have a difficult time obtaining necessary nutrients. It is in these nutrient poor conditions that some plants evolved different ways of obtaining nutrients. The ability of carnivorous plants to digest nitrogen -rich animal protein enables these plants to survive in somewhat hostile environments. The evolution of carnivorous plants is speculative due to the paucity of the fossil record. It is believed that plant carnivory may have evolved millions of years ago from plants whose leaves formed depressions that retained rain water. Small insects would sometimes fall into these water reservoirs and drown, eventually being decomposed by bacteria in the water. The nutrients from the insects would be absorbed by the leaf. The deeper the leaf depression the more insects that could be drowned. This would have creat... ... as frogs and small rodents. Nepenthes are unique amongst carnivorous plants as the only dioecious genus, which means there are separate male and female plants. These plants are very endangered and several species or extinct. Some species of Nepenthes are sold for hundreds of dollars to collectors and are involved in illegal overseas trade. The growing of carnivorous plants has become very popular in recent years. Unfortunately the endangered status of many species does not stop collectors from risking high fines and field collecting them. This has had seriously impact on many species, but collectors are not the biggest problem facing carnivorous plants. In the USA and other developed countries wetlands are considered useless and are being drained and developed on. At present it is estimated that only 3-5% of carnivorous plant habitat remain in the US. Another problem is that fires are put out before they spread even though many plants, such as the Venus fly trap, benefit from periodic burns. Habitat destruction from slash and burn agriculture, however, does not benefit any of the carnivorous plants and is also causing a great deal of the extinctions.

Wednesday, January 15, 2020

Broken Family Essay

Family is the basic unit of society. This is the most essential component of a country. Governance will only be effective if the citizens are properly oriented with good values and virtues, which is commonly taught by the family. A home is where a family lives. It may be alternated to the word ‘house’ but a house is more appropriately referring to the material structure, whereas ‘home’ refers to the intangible things that bind together the family members. It is the immeasurable love and care that keeps together the mother, father and their children. However, no matter how ideal a family in the terms of their relationship, there are still hardships and misunderstandings that will come along the way. It is just part of any relationship anyway. But, the sad part is when one of the family members gave up and the others have no choice but to accept and let go. Thus, the family starts to be broken. Broken Family is a family with children involved where parents are legally or illegally separated†¦whose parents have decided to go and live their lives separately for several reasons/problems. Too many arguments that might lead to divorce and the parents divide their children. But I believe its mostly cause by drugs or money. Too much money leads to arguments and greediness which causes to forget about love and divorce. Too poor leads to depression and arguments and feels like they have to split up and start over. Drugs messes with someones head and they mostly die or the family leaves that person behind for the cause of the children’s growing. But its not all parents, some teenagers runs away from home, of course, with their own reasoning. Some parent’s children die and it causes them to split. For the cause of the child’s growing, they divorce and find some place else . Or sometimes, its work. Not working too much or a workaholic may lead up for a broken family. Or if someone dies, then of course they’re broken inside the most. Though your answer is very good, I think you miss one detail. Another cause for a broken family, is abuse. Maybe the parents or parent hits the kids, and wife. Or maybe the son hits the parents. I think that is a very big reason in why many family’s are broken. Yes, still there’s one detail also that you may include, when the relatives of each party join to the problem or favors a parties (and sometimes it’s the parents of each party will suggest to them to separate). Or because the husband or wife having an affair. That’s why many FAMILIES break up. maybe one of the reasons of family breake up is the wife is very secretive to his husband for all times, and lack of trust in each parties. And there’s one more if the wife didn’t respect there husband due to high salary compare to a head of the family there will be conflict. And guys lastly Jealousy is one of the big reason why there’s so many BROKEN FAMILY, but its OK if the wife understands the husband feelings and avoid the person that he’ jealous of. But if not we are guys only knows what is the next part of our lives.

Tuesday, January 7, 2020

Short Story - 1009 Words

It had been some time since they defeated Savitar, everything was going as planned. Only one thing was missing and that one thing was Catlin, after defeating Savitar Catlin had refused to take the cure and left shortly after making her decision. This upset every single person in team flash, but it hurt Cisco the most, and Iris knew this. The two were the best of friends, they did nearly everything together and her leaving like shattered a part of him. Iris felt bad, she blamed herself for Catlin turning out the way she did. She need to find a way to track down Catlin and talk to her, she hopped that in doing so a part of her would reach the old Kate. She knew she couldn’t go to Cisco asking for his help, he was going to allow her to do†¦show more content†¦Ã¢â‚¬Å"Hello. I was wondering if you could tell me where I can find a doctor Catlin Snow?† She questioned her, the woman just stared at her. With a slight shake of the head Iris began talking once more.  "I was supposed to meet up with her so we can grab a bite to eat, I can’t seem to find her.† The woman rolled her eyes and began typing on the computer. â€Å"What was her name?† She questioned Iris. â€Å"Catiln Snow.† She replied. â€Å"Sorry we don’t have a doctor Catlin snow here.† The woman behind the desk slowly took her eyes off the computer and stared at Iris. Iris nodded her head and smiled at the woman. â€Å"Sorry I must be at the wrong hospital.† She stated with a shake of the head. â€Å"It would explain why I couldn’t find her.† She stated with a laugh, trying to play it off like she had made a mistake. â€Å"Thank you for your help.† Iris stated as she turned and made her way back out the door. Once outside she shoved her hand within her pocket and pulled out the piece of paper. Staring down at it she nodded her head. Shoving the paper back in her pocket she made her way to her car and head towards the next hospital. Tracking her down was the easy part, the hard part was going to try and convince her to come back, if she even wanted to. There was no telling how she would react upon seeing Iris there, there was always a chance that Catlin wouldn’t like it, but that was a chance she was willing to take. She wanted to betterShow MoreRelatedshort story1018 Words   |  5 Pagesï » ¿Short Stories:  Ã‚  Characteristics †¢Short  - Can usually be read in one sitting. †¢Concise:  Ã‚  Information offered in the story is relevant to the tale being told.  Ã‚  This is unlike a novel, where the story can diverge from the main plot †¢Usually tries to leave behind a  single impression  or effect.  Ã‚  Usually, though not always built around one character, place, idea, or act. †¢Because they are concise, writers depend on the reader bringing  personal experiences  and  prior knowledge  to the story. Four MajorRead MoreThe Short Stories Ideas For Writing A Short Story Essay1097 Words   |  5 Pageswriting a short story. Many a time, writers run out of these short story ideas upon exhausting their sources of short story ideas. If you are one of these writers, who have run out of short story ideas, and the deadline you have for coming up with a short story is running out, the short story writing prompts below will surely help you. Additionally, if you are being tormented by the blank Microsoft Word document staring at you because you are not able to come up with the best short story idea, youRead MoreShort Story1804 Words   |  8 PagesShort story: Definition and History. A  short story  like any other term does not have only one definition, it has many definitions, but all of them are similar in a general idea. According to The World Book Encyclopedia (1994, Vol. 12, L-354), â€Å"the short story is a short work of fiction that usually centers around a single incident. 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And with thatRead MoreShort Story Essay1294 Words   |  6 PagesA short story concentrates on creating a single dynamic effect and is limited in character and situation. It is a language of maximum yet economical effect. Every word must do a job, sometimes several jobs. Short stories are filled with numerous language and sound devices. These language and sound devices create a stronger image of the scenario or the characters within the text, which contribute to the overall pre-designed effect.As it is shown in the metaphor lipstick bleeding gently in CinnamonRead MoreRacism in the Short Stor ies1837 Words   |  7 PagesOften we read stories that tell stories of mixing the grouping may not always be what is legal or what people consider moral at the time. The things that you can learn from someone who is not like you is amazing if people took the time to consider this before judging someone the world as we know it would be a completely different place. The notion to overlook someone because they are not the same race, gender, creed, religion seems to be the way of the world for a long time. Racism is so prevalentRead MoreThe Idol Short Story1728 Words   |  7 PagesThe short stories â€Å"The Idol† by Adolfo Bioy Casares and â€Å"Axolotl† by Julio Cortà ¡zar address the notion of obsession, and the resulting harm that can come from it. Like all addictions, obsession makes one feel overwhelmed, as a single thought comes to continuously intruding our mind, causing the individual to not be able to ignore these thoughts. In â€Å"Axolotl†, the narr ator is drawn upon the axolotls at the Jardin des Plantes aquarium and his fascination towards the axolotls becomes an obsession. InRead MoreGothic Short Story1447 Words   |  6 Pages The End. In the short story, â€Å"Emma Barrett,† the reader follows a search party group searching for a missing girl named Emma deep in a forest in Oregon. The story follows through first person narration by a group member named Holden. This story would be considered a gothic short story because of its use of setting, theme, symbolism, and literary devices used to portray the horror of a missing six-year-old girl. Plot is the literal chronological development of the story, the sequence of events